Reforming nuclear export controls by Ian Anthony Download PDF EPUB FB2
The diversion to military programmes of materials and technologies obtained from foreign suppliers for peaceful purposes has played a prominent role in the known cases of nuclear proliferation.
The need to strengthen nuclear export controls has been identified by the G8 group of industrialized states and Reforming nuclear export controls book European by: The diversion to military programmes of materials and technologies obtained from foreign suppliers for peaceful purposes has played a prominent role in the known cases of nuclear proliferation.
The need to strengthen nuclear export controls has been identified by the G8 group of industrialized states and the European Union. Get this from a library. Reforming nuclear export controls: the future of the Nuclear Suppliers Group. [Ian Anthony; Christer Ahlström; V Fedchenko] -- 'Reforming Nuclear Export Controls' examines the structure & activities of the Nuclear Suppliers Group as an ad hoc group of 44 states committed to applying effective controls on the export of.
Reforming Nuclear Export Controls: The Future of the Nuclear Suppliers Group examines the structure and activities of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), a body of 45 states committed to applying effective controls on exports of an Reforming nuclear export controls book set of nuclear materials and technologies.
The diversion to military programmes of nuclear materials and technologies originally imported for peaceful purposes has played a key role in the known cases of nuclear proliferation. Reforming Nuclear Export Controls: The Future of the Nuclear Suppliers Group The diversion to military programmes of materials and technologies originally obtained from foreign suppliers for peaceful purposes has played a prominent role in the known cases of nuclear proliferation.
All of these cases represent export control failures. Export Control Reform: Control Lists “Tracker” Proposed Rules.
Final Rules (Effective Date). The U.S. Export Control System and the Export Control Reform Initiative Congressional Research Service 3 Implementing Regulations The ECA is implemented by the Export Administration Regulations (EAR; 15 C.F.R.
et seq). As noted above, the EAR were continued under IEEPA’s authority when the EAA was expired. Compared to the nuclear export control regimes of Russia, Japan, ROK and France, the U.S.
regime is, in many respects, more complex, restrictive and time-consuming to navigate and fulfill. Fundamental aspects of the U.S. export control regime were established over six decades ago – more than.
The Export Control Organisation (ECO) is responsible for legislating, assessing and issuing export licences for a wide variety of controlled goods. One particular category of controlled goods.
A Guide to Canada’s Export Control List: Detailed list of military and strategic goods and technology that are subject to export controls, including dual-use, munitions, nuclear non-proliferation, nuclear-related dual-use, miscellaneous goods and technology, missile technology control regime, and chemical and biological weapons non.
The license requirement in § for “ series”.y items was imposed in an Ap rule that initially implemented “ series” controls (Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations: Initial Implementation of Export Control Reform, 78 FRat ) because such items were presumptively for military end use.
Objectives of Export Controls. B Wassenaar Arrangement (Groups 1 and 2 on the Export Control List) B Nuclear Suppliers Group (Groups 3 and 4 on the Export Control List) B Miscellaneous Goods and Technology (Group 5 on the Export Control List) B Missile Technology Control Regime (Group 6 on the Export Control List) B Export Control Reform Initiatives U.S.
export controls regulate the process by which defense and commercial items, technologies, and related technical data are transferred to foreign customers. Administered by the State Department and the Department of Commerce, theses controls and restrictions were set up for national security purposes.
export control system and adjust its nuclear export practice to international standards. This paper will discuss China’s policy in nuclear exports and its attitude toward international supply-side restraints. Also, by comparing China’s controls to those of other nuclear suppliers, it will attempt to character-ize the current Chinese export.
About Export Control Reform (ECR) Overview. In Augustthe President directed a broad-based interagency review of the U.S. export control system, with the goal of strengthening national security and the competitiveness of key U.S.
manufacturing and technology sectors by focusing on current threats, as well as adapting to the changing economic and technological landscape. agencies involved in the U.S. export control system to conduct a broad‐based review of export controls to identify additional ways to enhance U.S.
national security. • In Aprilformer Secretary of Defense Gates described how national security required a fundamental reform of the export. In this Act: (1) C ONTROLLED.—The term “controlled”, with respect to an item, means the export, reexport, or transfer of the item is controlled under title I.
(2) D UAL-USE.—The term “dual-use”, with respect to an item, means the item has civilian applications and military, terrorism, or weapons of mass destruction-related applications.
(3) E XPORT.—The term “export”, with. The WorldECR Export Controls and Sanctions Forum. The WorldECR Forum in London and Washington, DC, brings together export controls and sanctions compliance professionals, regulators and representatives of the multilateral control regimes, leading trade regulation attorneys and consultants, along with thought-leaders in a supportive, stimulating.
This is one of the last categories of the USML to be addressed under the president’s Export Control Reform (ECR) initiative, on which we have previously advised. The agencies will accept comments on the proposed rules until July 6, Category XII covers fire control, range finder, optical and guidance and control equipment.
U.S. U.S. Compliance activities include (1) vetting transactions prior to export, (2) analyzing shipping data and monitoring the end use of items, and (3) educating companies and foreign governments about illicit transshipment risks.
To vet transactions, agencies review license applications for the export of controlled items, consult multiple lists of entities known or suspected of violating. The export control system of the United States has been evolving dynamically since early days reflecting the country’s which are changing from Administrationstrategic interests.
Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) 2A Generators and other equipment ‘‘specially designed,’’ prepared, or intended for use with nuclear plants.
ECCN 2A Equipment, except items controlled by 2A, related to nuclear material handling and processing and to nuclear reactors, and “parts,” “components” and. Export Controls: New Challenges Overview Congress has authorized the President to control the export of various items for national security, foreign policy, and economic reasons.
Separate programs and statutes for controlling different types of exports exist for nuclear materials and technology, defense articles and services, and.
Other Areas Relating to Nuclear Export Controls • Export of nuclear materials and some nuclear equipment covered by Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations • U.S.
import laws • U.S. Military/arms exports • Import/Export laws of other countries • Other U.S. domestic categories of protected information such as “Applied Technology” and Classified Information. Program Director Export Control and Nonproliferation Program (XNP) [email protected] Monterey, CA Activities Robert Shaw is Program Director for the Export Control and Nonproliferation Program (XNP) at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Inst.
The US export control regime has recently been revised to provide new mechanisms for US regulators to restrict exports, including exports to China, of items that are deemed to have national security significance.
2 In particular, the new Export Control Reform Act directed the US Department of Commerce to formulate new controls for.
Bowen has written reports on federal and state policies to encourage advanced reactor development, and has also published papers on reforming U.S. nuclear export controls. During the Obama Administration, he was an Associate Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Office of Nuclear Energy and a Senior Advisor in the Office of Nonproliferation and.
A of Pub. –, Aug. 13,Stat.known as the Export Control Reform Act ofwhich is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of subtitle B to the Code, see section of Pub. –, set out as a Short Title note below and Tables. Shown Here: Introduced in House (02/15/) Export Control Reform Act of Export Controls Act of This bill grants the President authority to control: (1) the export, reexport, and transfer of items (commodities, software, or technology), whether by U.S.
persons (including corporations) or by foreign persons, wherever located to protect national security; and (2) the activities of U. It is intended to serve as a starting point in the preparation for the export control process. The publication offers plain language explanations of: Satellite export controls; Export control reform; How the control lists work; How to apply for a license or use a license exemption and; Ensuring compliance after export authorization.
Export Compliance Acronyms. Download Acronyms PDF – NOV Revision. Acronyms are coded as. ECR Export Control Reform. ECRA Export Control Reform Act (EAR) ECRI Export Control Reform Initiative NSG Nuclear Suppliers Group (EAR) OEE Office of Export Enforcement (BIS) OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer.Export Control Reform Act of On Augthe President signed into law the John S.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Yearwhich included the Export Control Reform Act of (ECRA) (50 U.S.C. ). ECRA provides the legal basis for BIS's principal authorities and serves as the authority under which.Understanding China’s New Export Laws.
Lately, everyone is focused on changes to U.S. export control regulations and related trade initiatives (such as the new tariffs and FIRRMA/CFIUS). Export Control Reform will shortly see the transitions of items from USML Categories I, II and III from the ITAR to the EAR.
Likewise, the reforms to CFIUS are simply awaiting the President’s signature.