Potential of liquid-methane fuel for Mach 3 commercial supersonic transports

by John B. Whitlow

Publisher: National Aeronautics and Space Administration; for sale by the Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. in [Washington]

Written in English
Published: Pages: 40 Downloads: 935
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  • Supersonic transport planes -- Fuel.,
  • Liquid methane.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 40.

Statementby John B. Whitlow, Jr., Joseph D. Eisenberg, and Michael D. Shovlin.
SeriesNASA technical note, NASA TN D-3471
ContributionsEisenberg, Joseph D., joint author., Shovlin, Michael D., joint author.
LC ClassificationsTL521 .A3525 no. 3471
The Physical Object
Pagination40 p.
Number of Pages40
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6009059M
LC Control Number66062347

Optical constants of CH 4 (Methane) Martonchik and Orton Liquid at 90 K; n,k µm. In fact, liquid methane as a rocket engine fuel has been recently considered as an interesting option for both space and launcher liquid rocket engines. 4, 5 In such rocket engines methane is. ft 3 measured at 60 o F and lb f /in 2; m 3 measured at 0 o C and mmHg; Example - Converting 10 m 3 methane liquid to m 3 gas. From the table above - multiply (m 3 liquid) with to calculate (m 3 gas) - as. q gas = (10 m 3 liquid) = (m 3 gas). Liquid methane has been considered an attractive rocket propellant for several decades. However, most rocket engine development efforts in the last 30 years have focused on using more traditional fuels such as hydrogen, kerosene, and earth storables, without any serious development or application of methane to propulsion by:

The downfall is its low density, which means larger fuel tanks, a larger airframe and more drag. While liquid hydrogen is the fuel of choice for spacelaunch vehicles that accelerate quickly out of the atmosphere, studies have shown that liquid methane is better for an aircraft cruising at Mach 5 to Mach 7.   NASA’s Cassini spacecraft identified for the first time liquid methane that flows through Titan canyons. Titan is Saturn’s largest moon. A fluid that behaves similarly to water on Earth would.   Saturn's moon Titan has more natural gas and other hydrocarbons on it than Earth. The assumption that most methane is a fossil fuel doesn't make a lot of sense. That being said, I did have a fraternity brother in the 's who enjoyed lighting farts in the chapter house. M. Burston et al. / Conceptual Design of Sustainable Liquid Methane Fuelled Passenger Aircraft Figure 4. B io- LNG airc raf t conc e pts to ac hieve incr ease d fuel tank volum e.

Engineers have successfully tested a rocket powered by methane--the first of its kind for spaceflight. Future generations of the new engine could use Mars, Jupiter, Saturn's moon Titan and other. Methane is the main component of natural gas, a primary energy resource widely used in the energy sector for the production of heat and/or electricity. Natural gas as compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG) are increasingly used as fuels for vehicles to reduce transport emissions and improve air quality. Biogas as Vehicle Fuel – a European Overview 3 FOREWORD The spontaneous development of transport in Europe is not sustainable. To change this it is necessary to mobilise and present a carefully chosen combination of measures that cover several areas and involve various responsibilities in the cities rather than a list of isolated efforts. If liquid methane and liquid oxgygen at 90K are mixed, they are miscible in all proportions. Mixtures over a wide range of proportions detonated with use of a blasting cap. grams of mixture punched a 10cm hole in a 3/16 inch steel plate. For comparision, the TNT control only dented the metal plate!

Potential of liquid-methane fuel for Mach 3 commercial supersonic transports by John B. Whitlow Download PDF EPUB FB2

POTENTIAL OF LIQUID-METHANE FUEL FOR MACH 3 COMMERCIAL SUPERSONIC TRANSPORTS by John B. Whitlow, Jr., Joseph D. Eisenberg, and Michael D. Shovlin Lewis Research Center SUMMARY Methane has certain qualities that indicate it has potential for use as a fuel for a commercial supersonic transport aircraft.

Abstract. Starting in latestudies have been conducted to explore the potential of liquid methane as a fuel for aircraft[1–4].Particular emphasis has been placed on its application to the proposed commercial supersonic transport (SST).Author: Richard J.

Weber. surized tanks for containing liquid methane in supersonic aircraft wings. A study of the use of liquid methane as a fuel for a Mach 3 commercial supersonic transport airplane showed that a payload improvement of up to 31 percent and a reduction in direct operating costs File Size: 1MB.

Potential of liquid-methane fuel for Mach-3 commercial supersonic transports Liquid methane fuel for commercial fixed arrow wing supersonic transports.

SPACE Conferences & Exposition > Small Launch Vehicle Concept Development for Affordable Multi-Stage Inline Configurations (AIAA ). A supersonic transport (SST) is a civilian supersonic aircraft designed to transport passengers at speeds greater than the speed of date, the only SSTs to see regular service have been Concorde and the Tupolev TuThe last passenger flight of the Tu was in June and it was last flown in by de's last commercial flight was in Octoberwith a November Methane (US: / ˈ m ɛ θ eɪ n / or UK: / ˈ m iː θ eɪ n /) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula CH 4 (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).It is a group hydride and the simplest alkane, and is the main constituent of natural relative abundance of methane on Earth makes it an attractive fuel, although capturing and storing it poses challenges due to its Beilstein Reference: DEVELOPMENT OF FUELS FOR SUPERSONIC AND HYPERSONIC COMMERCIAL TRANSPORTS.

Three different types of fuel are being studied for supersonic flight, with particular attention to their physical properties, methods and costs of production, availability, and design by: 1. Turning wasted Methane into liquid fuel. Anthony Watts / Octo the only motor fuel left in the book On The Beach.

texasjimbrock says: Octo at am In commercial natural gas, you can let % CO2 slip past the treatment section. Not so in an LNG plant.

My Chem teacher demonstrating liquid methane I think. DIY Brick Rocket Stove - Cooking Without Electrical Power - Duration: Live Simple, Live Free.

Titan is the largest of the 53 moons that orbit Saturn; in fact, it is the second largest moon in our solar system (only Jupiter’s Ganymede surpasses it). This means that Titan is much bigger Author: Jolene Creighton.

How did Methane become the rocket fuel of the future. As I understand it, there are currently two Methane fueled liquid rocket engines under development in the United States, the Raptor by SpaceX and the BE-4 by Blue Origin.

Methane apparently is an awesome rocket fuel. Its denser and not nearly as cold as liquid hydrogen with a higher ISP than. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) will help develop microbes that convert methane found.

Methane in air and/or nitrogen Scott brand gas mixtures are used as a span gas calibration mixtures in engine emissions testing in the automotive industry.

They are ISO accredited and Part 86 compliant. Environmental. EPA Protocols: Air Liquide offers Scott brand. Supersonic transport explained. A supersonic transport (SST) is a civilian supersonic aircraft designed to transport passengers at speeds greater than the speed of date, the only SSTs to see regular service have been Concorde and the Tupolev TuThe last passenger flight of the Tu was in June and it was last flown in by NASA.

This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. Full text of "Insulation systems for liquid methane fuel tanks for supersonic cruise aircraft" See other formats.

the current investigation on the transportation of liquid methane on rail. The study involves a summary of the locations of possible customers and discusses aspects of system design and safety.

Two planned railcar concepts for the transportation of liquid methane are presented and discussed; one container-based system and one freight Size: 3MB.

Even though Methane is "only" kg/m 3 it is burned with parts oxygen compared to parts for RP-1, hence a CH4 rocket will be carrying more oxygen and less fuel by weight. Oxygen is pretty dense at a little over kg/m 3 which is denser in fact than RP-1 (about kg/m 3).

Methane is a hydrocarbon chemical that can be found in both liquid and gaseous states. Methane is represented by the chemical formula CH4, which means that every molecule of methane contains one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms. Methane is highly combustible and is often used as fuel in industrial applications.

PurityPlus carries compressed methane gas and liquid methane at a variety of concentrations and purities. Methane (CH 4) is a colorless, tasteless, odorless, flammable e is considered the simplest alkane and is also the primary component of natural gas.

Due to its earthly abundance, methane is favored among other gases, although the process of collecting and storing it proves. Key Step Made Towards Turning Methane Gas Into Liquid Fuel Date: Octo giving the potential of making it more useful as a fuel and as a source for making other chemicals.

Second, it uses solar energy to convert the carbon dioxide into a liquid fuel that can be used in the existing energy infrastructure, including in most automobiles. SpaceX have said they spend around \$, on fuel for one launch.

LNG is about \$ per ton, you can fill even a Saturn V (ballpark tons) for 3 million. This means the fuel cost is in the range of 1% of the total launch cost, which is negligible. $\endgroup$ – Hobbes Sep 19 '14 at Today, activating methane prior to converting it to useful fuel is a high-temperature, energy-intensive process.

MIT's unique approach would use nitrate instead of oxygen to oxidize the methane, which could increase the energy efficiency of methane activation and ultimately convert it to fuel.

World’s largest methane-fueled rocket engine test-fired by Blue Origin Octo Stephen Clark If you would like to see more articles like this please support our coverage of the space.

Because of its high density relative to hydrogen, liquid methane as a rocket fuel offers the advantage of smaller tank size and mass than would be required for hydrogen. Methane (CH 4) has a heat of formation Q f of kJ/gmol.

It is to be used in a rocket thrust chamber at a pressure of 50 atm ( MPa). ALMA - Affordable Liquid Methane Aircraft. likes. Fuelling a Revolution in Aviation through Liquid Methane fuel use in aircraft today.

RMIT student entrant in Round 2 of the Airbus FYI Followers: The future Asian/Pacific LNG requirements will include foreign natural gas by pipeline and liquid methane.

This is in terms of volume of both in-land consumption through re-gasification and direct use by the shipping sector and other potential direct users of liquefied methane in this vastest part of the world by population and surface.

Liquid hydrogen is shown to be the ideal fuel for civil transport aircraft, as well as for many types of military aircraft. Hydrogen Aircraft Technology discusses the potential of hydrogen for subsonic, supersonic, and hypersonic applications. Designs with sample configurations of aircraft for all three speed categories are presented, in addition to performance comparisons to equivalent.

Liquid methane is much more feasible than liquid hydrogen, and is % cheaper than kerosene,4 but the potential weight saving compared to kerosene is only 13%. This could easily be swallowed FUTURES March The Future of Civil Aviation up by the requirements for insulation, larger tanks, by: 3.

LMG - liquid methane gas, a simple aldehyde CH4 - NATURAL GAS # Density - kg/m3 # molecular weight g/mol # liquid below K # solids below 90 K # flammable gas # color less, odor less. When LMG tend to combustion in presence of oxygen, it forms formaldehyde(CH2O or HCHO) then forms carbon monoxide and hydrogen and water.offers liquid methane prices products.

About 4% of these are Hydrocarbon & Derivatives, 4% are Organic Acid, and 0% are Flavour & Fragrance. A wide variety of liquid methane prices options are available to you, such as grade standard.refrigerated liquid methane fuel supply considerations for.

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